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The liver is a vital organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. The liver has a wide range of functions including detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemical necessary for digestion. The liver plays a major role in metabolism and has a number of functions in the body, including glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, plasma protein synthesis, hormone production, and detoxification. This organ is the largest gland in the human body. It lies below the diaphragm. It produces bile, an alkaline compound which aids in digestion via the emulsification of lipids. Its highly specialized tissues regulate a wide variety of high-volume biochemical reactions, which are necessary for normal vital functions.